+

Reading Literature Makes Us Smarter and Nicer

Ideas

Gregory Currie, a professor of philosophy at the University of Nottingham, recently argued in the New York Times that we ought not to claim that literature improves us as people, because there is no “compelling evidence that suggests that people are morally or socially better for reading Tolstoy” or other great books.

Actually, there is such evidence. Raymond Mar, a psychologist at York University in Canada, and Keith Oatley, a professor emeritus of cognitive psychology at the University of Toronto, reported in studies published in 2006 and 2009 that individuals who often read fiction appear to be better able to understand other people, empathize with them and view the world from their perspective. This link persisted even after the researchers factored in the possibility that more empathetic individuals might choose to read more novels. A 2010 study by Mar found a similar result in young children: the more stories…

View original post 929 more words

+

College Rankings and Good Judgment

Now is the time of year when various media outlets traditionally release college rankings. St. John’s College has long opposed the very notion of a single-scale college ranking. We believe that the intrinsic diversity and individual character of our nation’s colleges and universities cannot, and therefore should not, be reduced to a single scale. Doing so gives prospective students and their parents the false impression that some set of “objective” criteria can help them make a judgment that is irreducibly “subjective,” because its essence lies in a proper fit between the character of the institution and the character of the student.

After many years of refusing to participate at all in the rankings generated by U.S.News & World Report—one of the most prominent providers of college rankings—St. John’s this year submitted statistical information for its survey. This change in practice was prompted by engaged parents who increasingly were asking whether the underlying data about St. John’s in U.S. News was reliable. Since we were not submitting information, we could not vouch for its reliability. Although St. John’s would prefer not to be ranked, and has long asked not to be ranked, U.S. News continued to rank us. We concluded, therefore, that we had to supply statistical data in order to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information U.S. News was publishing about us.

The result? St. John’s experienced an unprecedented leap upward in the rankings, as Nick Anderson reported on Tuesday in the Washington Post. Many years ago, when St. John’s did participate, its ranking bounced around from being in the top 25 to being below 100th. These swings alone should give the public pause about the reliability of such rankings, and about the advisability of relying on them at all when making a college decision. I should note that U.S. News itself recommends that its rankings not be regarded as definitive in making college decisions. It advocates instead a “holistic” approach. If this means giving very little—if any—weight to rankings, I agree wholeheartedly.

What should parents and prospective students really look for in a college? In my opinion there are five factors, which I wrote about some time ago for the Huffington Post. You can find them HERE.

+

Russell Kirk on Academic Freedom

“To what truths, then, ought the Academy to be dedicated? To the proposition that the end of education is the elevation of reason of the human person, for the human person’s own sake. To the proposition that the higher imagination is better than the sensate triumph. To the proposition that the fear of God, and not the mastery over man and nature, is the object of learning. To the proposition that quality is worth more than quantity. To the proposition that justice takes precedence over power. To the proposition that order is more lovable than egoism. To the proposition that to believe all things, if the choice must be made, is nobler than to doubt all things. To the proposition that honor outweighs success. … To the proposition, Socratic and Christian, that the unexamined life is not worth living. If the Academy holds by these propositions, not all the force of Caesar can break down its walls; but if the Academy is bent upon sneering at everything in heaven and earth, or upon reforming itself after the model of the market-place, not all the eloquence of the prophets can save it.”